Duration of the hike: 50 minutes
Distance: 3 kilometers
Level of difficulty: none
Guided tour: The nature reserve organises visits with a guide by appointment. The latter will let you discover the life of the pond in the most suitable place for the period (nesting, hiking,...).
Contact: +33(0)4 95 33 55 73
The Biguglia Pond Nature Reserve is the largest wetland in Corsica. The pond, which covers an area of 1450 hectares, extends over 11 km and is 2.5 km wide.
Its maximum depth is 2m. It is both soft and salty, with fresh water on the west bank of the Golo River and salt water on the north-east bank of the Grau River, a narrow gorge that is its only connection to the sea. The Lido de la Marana, a narrow strip of land not more than 1 km wide, separates the pond from the sea. As a rare landscape in Corsica, the exceptional character of this place goes far beyond its natural beauty, because it is its ecological and biological interest that gives it a remarkable aspect.
The Biguglia pond is a privileged place for the feeding and breeding of almost 250 animal species, as its mosaic of mudflats, salt marshes, pastures and other herbariums is home to a rich fauna of invertebrates. More than 120 different bird species are recorded: Coot, scaffold, scaffold, scaffold, scaffold, scaffold, community scaffold, large cormorants spend the winter in abundance on the lake, while kingfishers, flamingos, double-crested herons, reed anteaters, Remizum chicks or even moustached luscinioles from Central and Northern Europe come for a winter stay in the reed beds.
The area is very rich in fish and maintains a traditional regulated fishing activity. Wolves, mules and eels are abundant in the pond, where there are also nine species of amphibians and reptiles. Two of them are characterized by their peculiarities: The European West Indies (turtles) represent the second largest population in the Mediterranean after the Camargue and the Sardinian Discogloss, a turtle endemic to Corsica and Sardinia.
The flora, which is also very rich in variety and rarity, is of undeniable botanical interest. About thirty species, some of which are very rare, deserve special attention (Kosteletzkya, pentacarpos, thelypteris palustris, saggittaria sagittifoloa and tamarix africana). One can also note the presence of hibiscus with five fruits, a plant protected at national and European level and absent from the continent. Corsica has the largest population of this hibiscus.
Opposite the entrance to Camping San Damiano there is a 2 km long path that you can take. Back at the entrance of the campsite, turn right and start a pleasant walk to observe in peace the wonders of this wetland with its delicate balance, one of the last refuges for many breeding and migratory birds. The early morning or the last hour of the day are particularly good times to take full advantage of the magic of the place. You can then easily reach your campsite via the beach. To do this, just cross the road at the end of the path and walk on the sand or feet in the water along the pine forest to the beach entrances of Camping San Damiano.
An ornithological and floristic richness which includes this site in the list of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention and in the list of special protection areas under the European Directive on the conservation of wild birds.
Since 1994, this area has been designated a nature reserve.
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